How to format an article

The web page template

You will be assigned a template web page for your article. Click the pencil icon at the top right to enable editing, shown in the image below. You won't need to use the other tools to the right of the pencil icon.

Once you have enabled the editor you will see the formatting tools:

The top of the template page looks like this:

Change the text to your title, authors (use forename and surname as well as middle initials if required), institution(s) and contact email address. We will change the date of publication when we make the article publicly available. Do not change the font size or colour (Figure 1) from that in the template.

The text

Do not change the font of the article text from that in the template either. If you paste in text ensure that the font is set to Normal, 12 pt and the 3rd grey from the left in the text colour box

The space between paragraphs should be the same as here and just requires a single press of the return key.

Number references using the superscript function in the Format menu. The superscript numbers should be 10 pt, like this.1 Creating a superscript from the Format menu should automatically change the size from 12 pt to 10 pt. Place reference numbers after punctuation marks,2 like this.3 

Pasting in formatted text from a word processor can make getting the correct format on the web page difficult (e.g. text does not justify, paragraph spacing is not correct). The way around this is to paste in unformatted text and use the site's formatting tools to change to bold font, superscripts, bulleted/numbered lists etc.

Number figures sequentially (Figure 1, Figure 2 ......). Capitalise the word Figure in the text. Refer to movies as Movie 1, Movie 2 etc (capitalise Movie in the text as well).

Images and movies

Do not insert images or movies into the web page yourself. Email them to when you have completed writing your article and we will insert them. There is limited storage capacity on the website itself so images are inserted via our Google+ account and movies via our YouTube account. Please keep image sizes to a minimum. The lowest quality movie format generally appears to be sufficient for echo, MRI etc. Write legends for figures and movies as in the examples below. Legends should be placed after the paragraph in which you refer to a figure or movie.

Figure 1. The text for figure legends should be centrally justified. This shows the text colour for the title and the authors.

Movie 1. This legend is centrally justified.


If you wish to use subtitles justify them to the left and format in bold but do not change the font colour or size.


Read carefully! Use the subtitle 'References' as any other subtitle (Normal font, 12 pt in bold). The reference format is illustrated below. List all authors with surname followed by initials (commas between authors but not between surname and forename). The title should be in sentence case. Give the journal name as its official abbreviation (as in PubMed, in title case). Then a space and the year followed by a semicolon, volume (no issue numbers), colon and page numbers (not separated by spaces). Give the full starting page number, followed by a dash and the last page number. The last page number should be abbreviated (e.g. 1021-32 rather than 1021-1032). Use standard 12 pt Normal font with (no bold or italics).

  1. Tanous D, Bensona LN, Horlick EM. Coarctation of the aorta: evaluation and management. Curr Opin Cardiol 2009;24:509–15.

The references should be numbered (1, 2, 3.....). Copying in pre-numbered references often gives the wrong formatting so copy or type them in as a list with each in a new paragraph and use the page editor numbering tool to format:
Please do not reference ACHD guidelines in articles. They may well be relevant to most of the articles that are published on Essential ACHD, so we have created links to them on our ACHD Elsewhere page.

All references should be linked to the original article on the internet. If the article is freely available then directly link to its abstract on the journal's website. If the article is not freely available then link it to the abstract on PubMed. To insert a link highlight the whole text of the article, click Insert and then Link. Under 'Create Link' click 'Web address' and paste the URL into the 'Link to this URL:' box. Click 'Open this link in a new window' and then 'OK'.