Adult Congenital Heart Disease elsewhere

Here are some links to some recommended resources on ACHD, all freely available. Please let us know of anything else we should include. 

Reviews on pathophysiology

Circulation published a series of 3 excellent reviews of the pathophysiology of congenital heart disease in the adult in 2008:

  1. Sommer RJ, Hijazi ZM, Rhodes JF. Pathophysiology of congenital heart disease in the adult: Part I: shunt lesions. Circulation 2008;117:1090-9.
  2. Rhodes JF, Hijazi ZM, Sommer RJ. Pathophysiology of congenital heart disease in the adult, part II: simple obstructive lesions. Circulation 2008;117:1228-37.
  3. Sommer RJ, Hijazi ZM, Rhodes JF. Pathophysiology of congenital heart disease in the adult, part III: complex congenital heart disease. Circulation 2008;117:1340-50.


There are European and American guidelines on ACHD:

  1. Baumgartner H,Bonhoeffer P, De Groot NM, deHaan F, Deanfield JE, Galie N, Gatzoulis MA,Gohlke-Baerwolf C, Kaemmerer H,Kilner P, Meijboom F, Mulder BJ, Oechslin E,Oliver JM, Serraf A, Szatmari A,Thaulow E, Vouhe PR, Walma E. ESC Guidelines for the management of grown-up congenital heart disease (new version 2010). Eur Heart  J 2010;31:2915-57.
  2. Warnes CA, Williams RG, Bashore TM, ChildJS, Connolly HM, Dearani JA, del Nido P, Fasules JW, Graham TP Jr, Hijazi ZM,Hunt SA, King ME, Landzberg MJ, Miner PD, Radford MJ, Walsh EP, Webb GD.ACC/AHA 2008 Guidelines for the Management of Adults with Congenital HeartDisease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation 2008;118:e714-833.

The Adult Congenital Heart Disease Learning Centre

Congenital Cardiology Today